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A Quick Guide to Trauma, Grief and Loss

A Quick Guide to Trauma, Grief and Loss

A traumatic event, such as an employee death or natural disaster, can severely impact both employees and organizations. Knowing how to support employees after a crisis can protect employee well-being, productivity and morale.

How can you support grieving or traumatized employees while meeting work responsibilities? What should you do when someone in the workplace dies? Understanding what the employees are experiencing and how you can help them cope makes the process easier.

Grief is a normal reaction to loss and typically involves five stages: denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. The bereaved employee may not move through the stages in a linear path or immediately show signs of grieving. And he may also experience anger, sorrow, fear, confusion and frustration.

Trauma results from severe emotional stress or physical injury and generally consists of seven stages: shock, denial, impact, mourning, safety, reconnection and resolution. As a traumatized employee goes through these stages, he may experience flashbacks, grief, guilt, anxiety, fear and anger.

In the workplace, a grieving or traumatized employee may display the following symptoms:

  • Reduced productivity
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Irritability
  • Disorganization
  • Decreased ability to handle stress
  • Lack of emotion
  • Overworking

Timely, sensitive support can result in reduced absenteeism, a faster return to normal productivity and a stronger sense of loyalty and trust.

As a manager, you can create a supportive workplace for an employee who has suffered a loss by:

  • Using caution when assigning new tasks to the employee
  • Considering a temporary adjustment to the employee’s duties
  • Asking how you can help the employee
  • Expressing sympathy for the employee’s loss
  • Preventing exhaustion through adequate staffing and setting clear priorities
  • Sharing public information with other employees, such as memorial service dates
  • Encouraging employees to provide support (such as meals, visits or cards) to the bereaved or traumatized employee

Dealing with the death of a workplace team member can be especially difficult. Here are a few things you can do as a manger to help employees cope:

  • Have employees gather in a conference room or meet with you in small groups to let them know what has occurred or to acknowledge what they may already know. Keep boxes of tissues and water on hand.
  • Be tolerant of a wide range of responses, as there are several ways to show grief.
  • Provide employees with the space to absorb the news and the time to be with others who knew the deceased.
  • Consider letting those closest to the deceased leave for the day if needed. Some employees may prefer to stay at work with others who knew the deceased.
  • Once people have had time to absorb the loss, and if there is employee interest, it may be helpful to have a counselor come onsite to conduct a grief group.

When deciding what to do with the deceased’s work space or personal belongings, keep input from your team in mind. If there is employee interest, consider having a workplace-led memorial service for the deceased.

Most grief and trauma symptoms lessen over time. However, the employee may benefit from professional help if his symptoms worsen or last longer than a month.

Photo Credit: ‘Lil via Compfight cc

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